Initial application of standards, interpretations, and amendments in the financial year In the 2019 financial year, Deutsche Telekom applied the following IASB pronouncements and/or amendments to such pronouncements for the first time: Pronouncement Title To be applied by Deutsche Telekom from Changes Expected impact on the presentation of Deutsche Telekom’s results of operations and financial position IFRS 16 Leases January 1, 2019 Under IFRS 16, lessees are required to recognize assets and liabilities for all leases and the rights and obligations associated with these leases in the statement of financial position. Lessees are therefore now no longer required to make the distinction between finance and operating leases that was previously required in accordance with IAS 17. For all leases, the lessee recognizes a lease liability in the statement of financial position for the obligation to make future lease payments. At the same time, the lessee recognizes a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying leased asset which is equivalent to the present value of the future lease payments plus initial direct costs, advance payments, and restoration costs, minus incentive payments received. Similar to the guidance on finance leases in the previously applicable provisions of IAS 17, the lease liability will subsequently be adjusted over the lease term to reflect interest on the liability and principal repayments, while the right-of-use asset will be depreciated. Both factors – in contrast to IAS 17 – lead to higher expenses at the beginning of a lease. For the lessor, on the other hand, the provisions of the new standard are similar to the existing guidance in IAS 17. IFRS 16 also includes new provisions on the definition of a lease and its presentation, on disclosures in the notes, and on sale and leaseback transactions. The standard has a material effect on the presentation of Deutsche Telekom’s results of operations and financial position. The effects are detailed in the explanations following this table. Amendments to IAS 19 Plan Amendment, Curtailment or Settlement January 1, 2019 The amendments to IAS 19 change the guidance on the amendment, curtailment, or settlement of a defined benefit pension plan. They clarify that an entity is required to determine current service cost and the net interest for the remainder of the reporting period after a plan amendment, curtailment, or settlement using updated actuarial assumptions and the net liability (or net asset) at the time of the amendment. Any changes in a surplus must be recognized as profit or loss as part of past service cost, or a gain or loss on settlement, even if this surplus had not been previously recognized due to the effect of the asset ceiling. The effects of changes in the asset ceiling are recognized in other comprehensive income. No material impact. Amendments to IAS 28 Long-term Interests in Associates and Joint Ventures January 1, 2019 The amendments clarify that an entity applies IFRS 9 including its impairment requirements to long-term interests in an associate or joint venture that form part of the net investment in the associate or joint venture but are not accounted for using the equity method. No material impact. Amendments to IFRS 9 Prepayment Features with Negative Compensation January 1, 2019 The amendment sets out that, if certain conditions are met, financial assets can be measured at amortized cost or fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI) if, in the case of an early termination, compensation is required to be paid to the party that triggers the early termination of the contract. No material impact. IFRIC 23 Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments January 1, 2019 IFRIC 23 brings clarity to IAS 12 in relation to the recognition and measurement of current income taxes, deferred tax assets, and deferred tax liabilities if there is uncertainty regarding the treatment of income taxes. No material impact. Annual Improvements Project Annual Improvements to IFRSs 2015-2017 Cycle January 1, 2019 Clarifications in individual IFRS standards. No material impact. In January 2016, the IASB issued IFRS 16 “Leases.” This standard is mandatory for reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2019. IFRS 16 has a material effect on Deutsche Telekom’s consolidated financial statements, particularly on total assets, the results of operations, cash generated from operations, net cash from/used for financing activities, and the presentation of the financial position. The new regulations affect Deutsche Telekom as a lessee especially in relation to leases of cell sites (land, space on cell towers, or rooftop surface areas), network infrastructure, and buildings used for administrative or technical purposes. Deutsche Telekom has not applied the new lease standard retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented, but elected to apply the practical expedients for lessees, also known as the modified retrospective method. Upon transitioning to IFRS 16, the lease liability is measured and recognized at the present value of the remaining lease payments from existing operating leases, discounted using the relevant incremental borrowing rate. The right-of-use assets were measured and recognized as of January 1, 2019 at an amount equal to the lease liability, adjusted by the amount of any prepaid or accrued lease payments. Due to the significant amount of liabilities from straight-line leases in accordance with IAS 17, which in accordance with IFRS 16 must be deducted from the right-of-use assets, the right-of-use assets as of January 1, 2019 under IFRS 16 were measured and recognized at a significantly lower amount than the corresponding lease liability. This liability primarily relates to leases for T‑Mobile US’ cell sites. As of the transition date of January 1, 2019, in a first step, the lease terms underlying the liabilities were adjusted to the lease terms determined in accordance with IFRS 16. This adjustment increased shareholders’ equity. The remaining accrued lease liability was deducted from the right-of-use asset as described above. For leases that were previously classified as finance leases, their carrying amounts as of December 31, 2018 were carried over and recognized as right-of-use assets and lease liabilities as of January 1, 2019. Significant policy elections and practical expedients were exercised as follows: Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities are presented separately in the statement of financial position. The recognition, measurement, and disclosure requirements of IFRS 16 also apply to short-term leases and leases of low-value assets. Non-lease components are generally not separated from lease components; instead, each lease component and any associated non-lease components is accounted for as a single lease component. This practical expedient does not include contracts relating to data centers, which due to their special requirements in terms of equipment and premises form their own separate class of underlying asset. For this class of assets, the non-lease payments are recognized as an expense. IAS 38 is applied for leases of intangible assets rather than IFRS 16. In addition, on the date of first-time adoption of IFRS 16, use was made of the main policy elections and practical expedients as follows: Provisions for onerous contracts recognized in connection with leases were adjusted against the right-of-use asset as of January 1, 2019. In determining the lease term, hindsight may have been used by individual business units where economic considerations and penalties indicate that it is reasonably certain that options to extend or terminate the lease will be exercised. Existing contracts will not be grandfathered. On January 1, 2019, IFRS 16 was therefore applied to all existing leases falling within its scope. This applies to contracts in which Deutsche Telekom is a lessee and to contracts in which the Group is a lessor. Overall, the new definition of a lease does not have a material impact for Deutsche Telekom as a lessor. However, the number of identified leases changes. The new definition does not affect the contracts for servers or similar hardware provided to customers as part of data and network solutions or contracts for terminal equipment provided to customers. These will continue to be defined as leases. However, the number of leases for contracts involving modems/routers for the latest generation of devices provided to consumers as part of fixed-network mass-market contracts – where modem and router functions are installed in one device – is decreasing. In relation to services provided in data centers, the leasing of space, for example, separate rooms for setting up the customer’s own hardware, are identified as a component of a lease. Furthermore, the leasing of local loop lines and space to wholesale fixed-network customers (e.g., co-location space) is also classified as a lease. The adjustments made to the consolidated statement of financial position as of January 1, 2019 and attributable to the first-time application of IFRS 16 are as follows a: (XLS:) Download millions of € Carrying amount in accordance with IAS 17Dec. 31, 2018 Remeasurements Reclassifications Carrying amount in accordance with IFRS 16Jan. 1, 2019 a The overview above contains only those items of the statement of financial position that are affected by the first-time application of IFRS 16; for reasons of simplification, current and non-current items have been combined in the presentation. b For reasons of simplification, the figure is combined to show the cumulative effect of the transition to IFRS 16 to be recognized directly in equity. ASSETS Intangible assets 64,950 (29) 64,921 Property, plant and equipment 50,631 (2,524) 48,107 Right-of-use assets n.a. 15,601 638 16,239 Other financial assets 4,432 21 4,453 Deferred tax assets 2,949 166 3,115 Other assets 2,234 (196) 2,038 Non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale 145 9 154 LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY LIABILITIES Financial liabilities 62,275 (2,481) 59,794 Lease liabilities n.a. 15,601 2,472 18,073 Other provisions 6,435 (185) 6,250 Deferred tax liabilities 8,240 290 8,530 Other liabilities 3,427 (470) (1,859) 1,098 Contract liabilities 585 (7) 578 Trade and other payables 10,735 (30) 10,705 Liabilities directly associated with non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale 36 9 45 SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY Retained earnings including carryforwards plus non-controlling interestsb (25,462) 346 (25,116) After deferred tax liabilities totaling EUR 0.1 billion (net) were taken into account, the transition to the new standard as of January 1, 2019 resulted in a cumulative effect that increased retained earnings by EUR 0.3 billion and included the effect of shares attributable to non-controlling interests. This largely results from the derecognition of accrued lease payments (liabilities from straight-line leases) described above. Reclassifications relate in particular to reclassifications of carrying amounts from previous finance leases to right-of-use assets and lease liabilities and the adjustments for prepaid or accrued lease payments from operating leases under the previous accounting method, provisions for onerous contracts, or liabilities from straight-line leases against right-of-use assets, as described above. The obligations arising from operating leases as of December 31, 2018 (2018 Annual Report, Note 37 “Leases”) gave rise to the following reconciliation to the opening balance of lease liabilities as of January 1, 2019: (XLS:) Download millions of € January 1, 2019 Obligations arising from operating leases as of December 31, 2018 18,284 Minimum lease payments (nominal value) of finance lease liabilities as of December 31, 2018 2,950 Changes resulting from new definition of leases (743) Changes in the assessment of options to extend or terminate the lease 865 Other (95) Gross lease liabilities as of January 1, 2019 21,261 Discounting (3,188) Lease liabilities as of January 1, 2019 18,073 Present value of finance lease liabilities as of December 31, 2018 (2,472) ADDITIONAL LEASE LIABILITIES ATTRIBUTABLE TO FIRST-TIME APPLICATION OF IFRS 16 AS OF JANUARY 1, 2019 15,601 If the interest rate implicit in the lease cannot be readily determined, the interest rate used for the measurement of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities is the incremental borrowing rate. The incremental borrowing rate is determined by deriving benchmark interest rates for a period of up to 30 years from maturity-related risk-free interest rates which are increased by a credit-risk premium and adjusted for a liquidity and country-risk premium. For measuring the lease liabilities recognized in the statement of financial position as of January 1, 2019, weighted average incremental borrowing rates of 1.7 percent to 5.0 percent were used for discounting in the euro currency area and a rate of 5.2 percent was applied in the U.S. dollar currency area. The increase in lease liabilities leads to a corresponding increase in net debt. (XLS:) Download millions of € 2019 DEPRECIATION OF RIGHT-OF-USE ASSETS 3,649 Right-of-use assets – land and buildings 1,215 Right-of-use assets – land and buildings from sale and leaseback transactions 142 Right-of-use assets – technical equipment and machinery 2,227 Right-of-use assets – other equipment, operating and office equipment 65 INTEREST EXPENSE ON LEASES 870 For further information on changes in the right-of-use assets and lease liabilities reported as of December 31, 2019, please refer to Note 8 “Right-of-use assets – lessee relationships” and Note 13 “Financial liabilities and lease liabilities.” For the presentation in the income statement in the 2019 financial year, please refer to the section “Notes to the consolidated income statement.” schließen Prepay/prepaid In contrast to postpay contracts, prepay communication services are services for which credit has been purchased in advance with no fixed-term contractual obligations. schließen Router A coupling element that connects two or more sub-networks. Routers can also extend the boundaries of a network, monitor data traffic, and block any faulty data packets. schließen Wholesale Refers to the business of selling services to third parties who sell them to their own retail customers either directly or after further processing.