Initial application of standards, interpretations, and amendments in the financial year In the 2018 financial year, Deutsche Telekom applied the following IASB pronouncements and/or amendments to such pronouncements for the first time: Pronouncement Title To be applied by Deutsche Telekom from Changes Impact on the presentation of Deutsche Telekom’s results of operations and financial position IFRS 9 Financial Instruments January 1, 2018 IFRS 9 introduces new classification and measurement requirements for financial instruments and replaces, in particular, IAS 39. The new regulations cover the classification of financial assets on the basis of the underlying business models and the cash flow characteristics of the instruments. Under the new provisions on the accounting of impairment losses, expected losses have to be recognized on initial recognition. In addition, the requirements apply not only to debt instruments, but also to contract assets pursuant to IFRS 15. Among other things, the new rules for reporting hedge relationships provide the option of recognizing hedging costs separately in other comprehensive income. The effects of IFRS 9 are detailed in the explanations following this table. IFRS 15 Revenue from Contracts with Customers January 1, 2018 This standard provides a single, principles-based five-step model for the determination and recognition of revenue to be applied to all contracts with customers. It replaces in particular IAS 18 and IAS 11. When applying IFRS 15 for the first time, an entity shall apply the standard in full for the current period. In respect of prior periods, the transition guidance grants entities an option to either apply IFRS 15 in full to prior periods (with certain limited practical expedients being available) or to retain prior-period figures as reported under the previous standards, recognizing the cumulative effect of applying IFRS 15 to all contracts that had not yet been completed at the beginning of the reporting period as an adjustment to the opening balance of equity at the date of first-time adoption (beginning of current reporting period). The standard has a material effect on the presentation of Deutsche Telekom’s results of operations and financial position. The effects of IFRS 15 are detailed in the explanations following this table. Amendments to IFRS 15 Effective Date of IFRS 15 January 1, 2018 Mandatory adoption of IFRS 15 for reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018. The effects of IFRS 15 are detailed in the explanations following this table. Amendments to IFRS 15 Clarifications to IFRS 15 January 1, 2018 The clarifications address the following topics relating to IFRS 15:Identification of performance obligations (when a promised good or service is distinct from other promises in the contract).Differentiation of principal-agent relationships, application guidance on the concept of the transfer of control in the case of services provided by third parties.Clarification of the conditions for the timing of recognition of revenue arising from the licensing of intellectual property.Further exemption options for the transition to IFRS 15 were also added. The effects of IFRS 15 are detailed in the explanations following this table. Amendments toIAS 40 Transfers of Investment Property January 1, 2018 Clarification of transfers into or out of investment property. No material impact. Amendments to IFRS 2 Classification and Measurement of Share-based Payment Transactions January 1, 2018 Clarifications of classification and measurement of share-based payment transactions. No material impact. Amendments to IFRS 4 Applying IFRS 9 Financial Instruments with IFRS 4 Insurance Contracts January 1, 2018 Entities falling within the scope of IFRS 4 and whose predominant activity is issuing insurance contracts may, by way of temporary exemption, defer application of IFRS 9 until such time as the new standard for insurance contracts has come into force. In the interim, such entities are thus subject to the provisions of IAS 39. In the case of designated financial assets, other entities falling within the scope of IFRS 4 may incur differences in values depending on whether these assets are to be accounted for in accordance with IFRS 9 or IAS 39; these differences must be presented in other comprehensive income instead of in profit or loss. No material impact. IFRIC 22 Foreign Currency Transactions and Advance Consideration January 1, 2018 IFRIC 22 clarifies what exchange rate is to be applied on initial recognition of a foreign-currency transaction in an entity’s functional currency in cases where the entity receives or pays advance consideration before the related asset, expense or income is recognized. The exchange rate for the underlying asset, expense or income is taken as that prevailing on the date of initial recognition of the non-monetary prepayment asset or deferred income liability. No material impact. Annual Improvements Project Annual Improvements to IFRSs 2014–2016 Cycle January 1, 2018(IFRS 1 and IAS 28) Clarification of many published standards. No material impact. In July 2014, the IASB issued IFRS 9 “Financial Instruments.” Application of the standard is mandatory for reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018. The standard introduces new classification and measurement requirements for financial instruments and replaces, in particular, IAS 39. The new provisions and the related changes in the accounting principles applied by Deutsche Telekom mainly comprise the following items of relevance to Deutsche Telekom: Depending on the respective underlying business model, the new provisions on the classification of financial assets give rise to changes in measurement and presentation in some cases. The measurement of debt instruments – especially trade receivables held for potential sale – at fair value through other comprehensive income with recycling to profit or loss had minor effects at the transition date. Effects may arise in ongoing application, particularly from changes in the volumes of receivables held for potential sale in the future. Equity instruments held are irrevocably allocated to a measurement category instrument by instrument upon initial recognition. Deutsche Telekom in general measures equity instruments held at fair value through other comprehensive income without recycling to profit or loss (OCI option). The new provisions on the accounting of impairment losses will lead to expected losses having to be recognized earlier than under IAS 39 in some cases. There will be a minor increase in impairment losses due to application of the simplified approach for trade receivables with a significant financing component and for lease assets, and to impairment losses on contract assets recognized for the first time as of January 1, 2018 in accordance with IFRS 15. Effects may arise in ongoing application from a change in business development (for example, changes in volumes or prices) or from changes to business models where these are reflected in the amounts reported for long-term trade receivables and contract assets. The hedging relationships are accounted for in accordance with the requirements of IFRS 9. The transition of existing hedging relationships to the new regime has no material effects. Cash flow hedges for hedging interest rate and currency risks have been de-designated and re-designated on the transition to IFRS 9 so that future use can be made of the opportunity to recognize the cost of hedging in other comprehensive income. The other hedging relationships will continue unchanged. Deutsche Telekom utilizes the option for simplified initial application. The cumulative effect arising from the transition is recognized as an adjustment to the opening balance of equity in the year of initial application. Prior-year comparatives are not adjusted; instead, Deutsche Telekom provides an explanation of the reasons for the changes in items in the statement of financial position and the income statement for the current period. The transition to IFRS 9 as of January 1, 2018 will result mainly in the following cumulative changes to retained earnings before deferred taxes – including the corresponding shares attributable to non-controlling interests: (XLS:) Download millions of € Increase in impairment losses on trade receivables 144 Impairment losses on contract assets recognized for the first time in accordance with IFRS 15 28 172 For further information on the first-time application of IFRS 9, please refer to Note 40 “Financial instruments and risk management”. In May 2014, the IASB issued IFRS 15 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers.” Application of the standard is mandatory for reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2018. This standard provides a single, principles-based five-step model for the determination and recognition of revenue to be applied to all contracts with customers. It replaces, in particular, IAS 18 and IAS 11 and has a material effect on the presentation of Deutsche Telekom’s results of operations and financial position. Depending on the business model applied, the new provisions and the related changes in the accounting principles applied by Deutsche Telekom affect the following issues in particular: In the case of multiple-element arrangements (e.g., mobile contract plus handset), the total transaction price of the bundled contract is allocated among the individual, separate performance obligations based on their relative standalone selling prices, i.e., based on a ratio of the standalone selling price of each element to the aggregated standalone selling prices of the contractual performance obligations. In contrast to the previous accounting treatment, the relative standalone selling price of an individual element and thus the revenue recognized for this unit of accounting is no longer limited to that proportion of the total arrangement consideration to be provided by the customer, the payment of which does not depend on the delivery of additional elements (contingent revenue cap). As a result, the revenue to be recognized for products delivered in advance (e.g., mobile handsets) that are sold at a subsidized price in combination with a long-term service contract was limited by this subsidized price. Under IFRS 15, this limitation no longer applies, i.e., in the case of subsidized products delivered in advance, a larger portion of the total remuneration is attributable to the element delivered in advance (mobile handset), requiring earlier recognition of revenue under the new regulations. This leads to the recognition of what is known as a contract asset – a receivable arising from the customer contract that has not yet legally come into existence – in the statement of financial position. The contract asset is reduced over the remaining contract period, lowering revenue from the other performance obligations (in this case: mobile service revenues) compared with the amounts billed. At the same time, it results in higher revenue from the sale of goods and merchandise and in lower revenue from the provision of services. The extent of the changes resulting from the initial application of IFRS 15 that are described above therefore largely depends on the business models used by the subsidiary in question. Whereas the sale of subsidized handsets in connection with the conclusion of service contracts in the consumer business is still common in the Germany operating segment, handsets are not sold at a discount at all or only to a limited extent in the United States and to some extent in the Europe operating segments; payment-by-installment models or lease models are offered to customers instead. Customer activation fees and other advance one-time payments by the customer that do not constitute consideration for a separate performance obligation are classed as contract liabilities, and are deferred and recognized as revenue over the (remaining) contract period. Expenses for sales commissions (costs of obtaining a customer contract (contract costs)) must be capitalized and recognized over the estimated customer retention period. The expenses are disclosed in Deutsche Telekom’s income statement, not under depreciation and amortization but – depending on the sales channel – as goods and services purchased or personnel costs. In the indirect sales channel, reimbursements explicitly or implicitly included in commissions paid to third-party retailers for handset subsidies granted by those retailers are recognized as a reduction of the service revenues over the contract term rather than as an expense. This ensures that the amount of the service revenues generated with retail customers for identical rate plans does not depend on the type of sales channel. On first-time application of the standard, both total assets and shareholders’ equity increased due to the capitalization of contract assets and contract costs for contracts not yet fully completed. In cases where “material rights” are granted – such as offering additional discounts for future purchases of further products – a portion of the transaction price must be deferred as a contract liability and is not recognized as revenue until this additional performance obligation has been satisfied or has lapsed. Contract liabilities (which, as deferred revenue, were already recognized as liabilities in the past) must be netted against the contract assets for each customer contract. For the purposes of determining whether Deutsche Telekom sells products for its own account (principal = gross revenue) or for the account of others (agent = net revenue), there are no material changes for the existing agreements. As regards IFRS 15, Deutsche Telekom utilizes the following accounting options: Deutsche Telekom applies the option for simplified initial application, limiting the retroactive application of IFRS 15 to contracts that have not yet been completely fulfilled at the date of initial application. The contracts that have not yet been completely fulfilled as of January 1, 2018 are accounted for as if they had been recognized in accordance with IFRS 15 from the very beginning. The cumulative effect arising from the transition is recognized as an adjustment to the opening balance of equity in the year of initial application. Prior-year comparatives are not adjusted; instead, Deutsche Telekom provides an explanation of the reasons for the changes in items in the statement of financial position and the income statement for the current period as a result of applying IFRS 15 for the first time. A significant financing component is not considered for the amount and timing of revenue recognition if the period between when a promised good or service is transferred to the customer and when the customer pays for that good or service will be one year or less. In general, contract costs whose amortization period would not be more than one year are immediately recognized as an expense. The adjustments made to items in the statement of financial position as of January 1, 2018 and attributable to IFRS 15 are as followsa: (XLS:) Download millions of € Carrying amount in accordance with IAS 18/IAS 11Dec. 31, 2017 Remeasurements Reclassifications Carrying amount in accordance with IFRS 15Jan. 1, 2018 a The overview above contains only those items of the statement of financial position that are affected by the first-time application of IFRS 15. b Carrying amounts as of January 1, 2018 are shown before impairment losses on contract assets recognized in accordance with IFRS 9. Please refer to the explanations in regard to the initial application of IFRS 9 in this section. c For reasons of simplification, the figure is combined to show the cumulative effect of the transition to IFRS 15 to be recognized directly in equity. ASSETS CURRENT ASSETS Trade and other receivablesb 9,723 (163) (150) 9,410 Contract assetsb n. a. 1,622 150 1,772 Current recoverable income taxes 236 (1) 0 235 Other assets 1,646 (43) 0 1,603 NON-CURRENT ASSETS Capitalized contract costs n. a. 1,128 48 1,176 Deferred tax assets 4,013 27 0 4,040 Other assets 819 (78) (48) 693 LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY CURRENT LIABILITIES Financial liabilities 8,358 9 (1) 8,366 Trade and other payables 10,971 0 (38) 10,933 Income tax liabilities 224 29 0 253 Other provisions 3,372 (19) (48) 3,305 Other liabilities 4,440 (209) (1,612) 2,619 Contract liabilities n. a. 212 1,699 1,911 NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES Deferred tax liabilities 6,967 663 0 7,630 Other liabilities 3,831 (322) (212) 3,297 Contract liabilities n. a. 351 212 563 SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY Retained earnings including carryforwards plus non-controlling interestsc (27,013) 1,778 0 (25,235) The remeasurement effects are mainly attributable to the first-time recognition of contract assets in the amount of EUR 1.6 billion that, under IFRS 15, would have resulted in the earlier recognition of revenue, in particular from the sale of goods and merchandise; capitalized contract costs of EUR 1.1 billion that, under IFRS 15, would have resulted in the later recognition of selling expenses; and contract liabilities totaling EUR 0.6 billion that, under IFRS 15, would have resulted in the later recognition of revenue. After deferred tax liabilities totaling EUR 0.6 billion (net) and other minor effects were taken into account, the transition to the new standard as of January 1, 2018 resulted in a cumulative effect that increased retained earnings by EUR 1.8 billion and included the shares attributable to non-controlling interests. The reclassifications mainly concern the following items: The receivables from long-term construction contracts (EUR 0.2 billion) that, under IAS 11, were recognized under trade and other receivables as of December 31, 2017 are classified as contract assets under IFRS 15. The deferred revenue of EUR 1.8 billion recognized under other liabilities as of December 31, 2017 is recognized as contract liabilities in accordance with IFRS 15. Due to the remeasurements described above, the carrying amounts of the cash-generating units that must be tested for impairment in accordance with IAS 36 increased when IFRS 15 was applied for the first time on January 1, 2018. As a result, the carrying amounts of the Romania cash-generating unit in the Europe operating segment and of the Netherlands cash-generating unit in the Group Development operating segment exceeded in each case the recoverable amounts for these units. Consequently, in each case a goodwill impairment had to be recognized directly in equity as of January 1, 2018 for an aggregate amount of EUR 0.1 billion. For further information, please refer to Note 6 “Intangible assets”, and Note 7 “Property, plant and equipment”. Comparative figures for the items of the financial statements affected by the first-time application of IFRS 15 The following tables contain relevant items from the financial statements as of December 31, 2018 in accordance with IFRS 15 as well as the previous accounting treatment in accordance with IAS 18/IAS 11 and related interpretations: (XLS:) Download millions of € IFRS 15Dec. 31, 2018 IAS 18/IAS 11Dec. 31, 2018 Change ASSETS CURRENT ASSETS Trade and other receivables 9,988 10,352 (365) Contract assets 1,765 0 1,765 Current recoverable income taxes 492 493 (1) Other assets 1,164 1,243 (80) NON-CURRENT ASSETS Capitalized contract costs 1,744 0 1,744 Other financial assets 1,585 1,582 4 Deferred tax assets 2,949 3,509 (560) Other assets 1,070 1,198 (128) LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY CURRENT LIABILITIES Financial liabilities 10,527 10,520 7 Trade and other payables 10,735 10,737 (2) Income tax liabilities 328 320 9 Other provisions 3,144 3,212 (69) Other liabilities 2,654 4,368 (1,714) Contract liabilities 1,720 0 1,720 NON-CURRENT LIABILITIES Other provisions 3,291 3,292 (1) Deferred tax liabilities 8,240 8,036 204 Other liabilities 3,427 4,020 (593) Contract liabilities 585 0 585 SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY Retained earnings including carryforwards and net profit plus non-controlling interests (22,696) (24,817) 2,121 Under IAS 18/IAS 11, trade and other receivables would have included receivables from long-term construction contracts, which are recognized as contract assets under IFRS 15. Due to the transition to IFRS 15, contract assets are recognized for the first time and amortized, and capitalized contract costs are recognized as assets for the first time and amortized. Under IAS 18/IAS 11, other liabilities would have included deferred revenue, which, under IFRS 15, is either recognized as contract liabilities or netted with contract assets. The differences in the amounts recognized under deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are due to remeasurement effects in connection with the first-time and continuing application of IFRS 15 in the 2018 financial year. (XLS:) Download millions of € IFRS 152018 IAS 18/IAS 112018 Change NET REVENUE 75,656 75,553 103 Other operating income 1,491 1,491 0 Changes in inventories (14) (14) 0 Own capitalized costs 2,433 2,433 0 Goods and services purchased (38,160) (38,450) 290 Personnel costs (16,436) (16,525) 89 Other operating expenses (3,134) (3,136) 3 Depreciation, amortization and impairment losses (13,836) (13,836) 0 PROFIT (LOSS) FROM OPERATIONS 8,001 7,516 484 Finance costs (1,817) (1,801) (16) Share of profit (loss) of associates and joint ventures accounted for using the equity method (529) (529) 0 Other financial income (expense) (502) (502) 0 PROFIT (LOSS) FROM FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES (2,848) (2,832) (16) PROFIT (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES 5,153 4,684 469 Income taxes (1,824) (1,698) (126) PROFIT (LOSS) 3,329 2,986 343 Without the effect of IFRS 15, revenue would have amounted to EUR 75.6 billion, EUR 0.1 billion lower than reported. Effects on revenue development are attributable mainly to amortization of the contract assets/liabilities recognized in the statement of financial position over the (remaining) contract period in the 2018 financial year. This amortization is recognized as a reduction or an increase in revenue. These items also include reimbursements for handset subsidies granted by third-party retailers in the indirect sales channel. These reimbursements are a component of the commissions paid to those retailers. The subsidies are now no longer recognized as an expense, but as a reduction of the service revenues over the contract term. Under other business models, revenue was increased due to the capitalization and subsequent amortization of expenses for sales commissions (contract costs) under goods and services purchased; these expenses were previously recognized as revenue-reducing effects. Adjusted for the effects of IFRS 15, goods and services purchased and personnel costs would have come in at EUR 38.5 billion and EUR 16.5 billion, respectively, and would thus have been a total of EUR 0.4 billion higher. This effect is attributable to the capitalization of expenses for sales commissions, which, under IAS 18/IAS 11, would have been recognized immediately in profit or loss either under goods and services purchased (dealer commissions) or personnel costs (employee commissions). It was only partially offset by the amortization of capitalized expenses for sales commissions. schließen Service revenues Revenues generated with mobile customers from services (i.e., revenues from voice services – incoming and outgoing calls – and data services), plus roaming revenues, monthly charges, and visitor revenues. schließen Retail The sale of goods and services to end users, as opposed to resale or wholesale. schließen Service revenues Revenues generated with mobile customers from services (i.e., revenues from voice services – incoming and outgoing calls – and data services), plus roaming revenues, monthly charges, and visitor revenues.