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Selected financial data of the Group

Net revenue

  • Net revenue increased by 6.1 % to EUR 56.2 billion. In organic terms, revenue increased by EUR 0.4 billion or 0.8 %. Service revenue increased by EUR 4.3 billion or 10.4 % to EUR 45.2 billion; in organic terms, it was up EUR 1.9 billion or 4.5 %.
  • Revenue growth in the United States of 10.7 % was mainly attributable to exchange rate effects. In organic terms, revenue remained more or less at the prior-year level.
  • Our Germany segment increased revenue by 1.8 %, on account of strong business performance.
  • In the Europe segment, revenue declined by 1.8 % due to the sale of the Romanian fixed-network business, but grew on an organic basis by 4.2 %.
  • Revenue in Systems Solutions decreased year-on-year by 1.0 %, due primarily to the decline in traditional IT infrastructure business, in line with expectations.
  • In Group Development, revenue declined by 28.7 % due to the sale of T‑Mobile Netherlands as of March 31, 2022. In organic terms, revenue increased by 5.8 % year-on-year on the back of operational and structural growth at our GD Towers business unit.

billions of €

Net revenue (bar chart)

EBITDA AL (adjusted for special factors)

  • Adjusted EBITDA AL grew by 5.9 % to EUR 19.8 billion. In organic terms, it increased by EUR 0.1 billion or 0.7 %.
  • In the United States, adjusted EBITDA AL increased by 9.3 %, essentially due to exchange rate effects. In organic terms, it decreased by 1.3 %. Adjusted core EBITDA AL increased by EUR 1.9 billion or 19.6 % to EUR 11.7 billion.
  • In our Germany segment, adjusted EBITDA AL was up 3.3 %, driven by high-value revenue growth and enhanced cost efficiency.
  • Adjusted EBITDA AL in the Europe segment grew by 1.1 %, and by as much as 5.7 % in organic terms.
  • In Systems Solutions, adjusted EBITDA AL grew by 15.7 %. Efficiency effects from our transformation program and increased revenue in the growth areas exceeded the decline in the traditional IT infrastructure business.
  • The sale of T‑Mobile Netherlands as of March 31, 2022 resulted in a decrease of 18.1 % in adjusted EBITDA AL at Group Development. In organic terms, it was up 15.0 % driven by the consistent growth of the GD Towers business.
  • At 35.2 %, the Group’s adjusted EBITDA AL margin remained at the same high level posted in the prior year. The adjusted EBITDA AL margin was 39.9 % in the Germany segment, 36.0 % in the Europe segment, and 34.1 % in the United States segment.

billions of €

EBITDA AL (adjusted for special factors) (bar chart)

Profit/loss from operations (EBIT)

  • EBIT increased by EUR 1.5 billion or 20.5 % to EUR 8.7 billion.
  • EBITDA AL increased by EUR 0.9 billion or 5.4 % to EUR 18.5 billion. Net special factors of EUR 1.2 billion had a negative effect. At EUR 0.6 billion, expenses for staff restructuring measures were up slightly on the prior-year level. The deconsolidation of GlasfaserPlus and T‑Mobile Netherlands resulted in proceeds of EUR 1.7 billion and EUR 0.9 billion respectively. By contrast, T‑Mobile US incurred integration expenses of EUR 2.8 billion in connection with the business combination with Sprint. Further expenses of EUR 0.4 billion related to the settlement reached and the further proceedings pending in consequence of the cyberattack on T‑Mobile US.
  • At EUR 14.3 billion, depreciation, amortization and impairment losses were EUR 0.7 billion higher than in the prior-year period, with depreciation and amortization increasing by EUR 0.3 billion. Impairment losses increased by EUR 0.4 billion year-on-year to EUR 0.5 billion, and were mainly attributable to the former Sprint’s fiber-optic-based wireline assets in the reporting period.

billions of €

Profit (loss) from operations (EBIT) (bar chart)

Net profit

  • Net profit increased by EUR 2.6 billion to EUR 5.4 billion.
  • Our loss from financial activities decreased by EUR 0.6 billion to EUR 1.5 billion, with other financial income improving in particular in connection with the measurement of derivatives. The interest component from the measurement of provisions and liabilities increased by EUR 0.4 billion. By contrast, finance costs increased by EUR 0.2 billion.
  • Tax expense increased by EUR 0.2 billion to EUR 1.4 billion.
  • Profit attributable to non-controlling interests decreased by EUR 0.6 billion to EUR 0.3 billion, a trend mainly attributable to the United States segment.
  • Adjusted earnings per share rose from EUR 0.70 to EUR 0.94.

billions of €

Net profit (bar chart)

Equity ratio

  • The equity ratio increased by 0.4 percentage points against December 31, 2021 to 29.3 %.
  • The EUR 7.0 billion increase in shareholders’ equity is primarily attributable to profit of EUR 5.7 billion and to other comprehensive income of EUR 7.8 billion. This mainly includes effects from currency translations (EUR 6.0 billion) and the remeasurement of defined benefit plans (EUR 2.1 billion).
  • Shareholders’ equity was reduced in particular by dividend payments to our shareholders (EUR 3.2 billion) and other shareholders of subsidiaries (EUR 0.2 billion), as well as the acquisition of T‑Mobile US shares to further increase the stake in T‑Mobile US (EUR 2.7 billion). The sale of T‑Mobile Netherlands reduced shareholders’ equity by EUR 0.6 billion.

%

Equity ratio (bar chart)

Net debt

  • Net debt increased by EUR 14.0 billion to EUR 146.1 billion compared with the end of 2021.
  • The increase was attributable in particular to exchange rate effects of EUR 8.8 billion, as well as to the modification of the arrangements between T‑Mobile US and Crown Castle, which resulted in an increase of EUR 6.6 billion in right-of-use assets and of EUR 0.8 billion in property, plant and equipment. This effect is mirrored by growth in net debt of EUR 7.4 billion. The dividend payment – including to non-controlling interests – (EUR 3.2 billion), spectrum acquisitions primarily in the United States (EUR 2.7 billion), additions of lease liabilities (EUR 2.3 billion), and the increase of the stake in T‑Mobile US (EUR 2.2 billion) also had an increasing effect.
  • The main factors reducing net debt were free cash flow (before dividend payments and spectrum investment) of EUR 8.4 billion and the corporate transactions involving T‑Mobile Netherlands and GlasfaserPlus totaling EUR 4.7 billion.

billions of €

Net debt (bar chart)

Cash capex (before spectrum investment)

  • Cash capex (before spectrum investment) increased from EUR 8.6 billion to EUR 9.6 billion.
  • This increase is largely attributable to the ongoing 5G network build-out in the United States and to exchange rate effects, especially from the translation of U.S. dollars to euros.
  • Cash capex (including spectrum investment) decreased by EUR 4.3 billion to EUR 12.3 billion. Spectrum licenses were purchased for EUR 2.6 billion in the reporting period, in particular FCC mobile licenses in the United States segment. In the prior-year period, cash capex had included the acquisition of FCC mobile licenses at the C-band auction for EUR 8.0 billion in the United States segment.

billions of €

Cash capex (before spectrum investment) (bar chart)

Free cash flow AL (before dividend payments and spectrum investment)

  • Free cash flow AL increased from EUR 5.4 billion to EUR 6.5 billion.
  • In addition to the positive business performance of the individual operating segments, the decrease of EUR 0.7 billion in the principal portion of repayment of lease liabilities and EUR 0.1 billion lower income tax payments also had an increasing effect.
  • Higher cash capex (before spectrum investment) and EUR 0.1 billion higher interest payments (net) had a negative impact on free cash flow.

billions of €

Free cash flow AL (before dividend payments and spectrum investment) (bar chart)

For further information, please refer to the section “Development of business in the Group” in the interim Group management report.

For further information on the development of business in the operating segments, please refer to the section “Development of business in the operating segments” in the interim Group management report and in the IR back-up on our Investor Relations website.

5G
New communications standard (launched from 2020), which offers data rates in the gigabit range, converges fixed-network and mobile communications, and supports the Internet of Things.
Glossary
AL – After Leases
Since the start of the 2019 financial year, we have taken the effects of the first-time application of IFRS 16 “Leases” into account when determining our financial performance indicators. “EBITDA after leases” (EBITDA AL) is calculated by adjusting EBITDA for depreciation of the right-of-use assets and for interest expenses on recognized lease liabilities. When determining “free cash flow after leases” (free cash flow AL), free cash flow is adjusted for the repayment of lease liabilities.
Glossary