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Disclosures on financial instruments

Carrying amounts, amounts recognized, and fair values by class and measurement category

millions of €

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amounts recognized in the statement of financial position in accordance with IFRS 9

 

 

 

Measurement category in accordance with IFRS 9

Carrying amount June 30, 2022

Amortized cost

Fair value through other comprehensive income without recycling to profit or loss

Fair value through other comprehensive income with recycling to profit or loss

Fair value through profit or lossa

Amounts recognized in the statement of financial position in accordance with IFRS 16

Fair value June 30, 2022b

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

AC

5,281

5,281

 

 

 

 

 

Trade receivables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At amortized cost

AC

6,556

6,556

 

 

 

 

 

At fair value through other comprehensive income

FVOCI

10,296

 

 

10,296

 

 

10,296

At fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

0

 

 

 

0

 

0

Other financial assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Originated loans and other receivables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At amortized cost

AC

5,605

5,605

 

 

 

 

5,620

Of which: collateral paid

AC

973

973

 

 

 

 

 

Of which: publicly funded projects

AC

1,980

1,980

 

 

 

 

 

At fair value through other comprehensive income

FVOCI

0

 

 

0

 

 

0

At fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

667

 

 

 

667

 

667

Equity instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At fair value through other comprehensive income

FVOCI

539

 

539

 

 

 

539

At fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

3

 

 

 

3

 

3

Derivative financial assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives without a hedging relationship

FVTPL

1,350

 

 

 

1,350

 

1,350

Of which: termination rights embedded in bonds issued

FVTPL

68

 

 

 

68

 

68

Of which: energy forward agreements embedded in contracts

FVTPL

303

 

 

 

303

 

303

Of which: options received from third parties for the purchase or sale of shares in subsidiaries and associates

FVTPL

262

 

 

 

262

 

262

Derivatives with a hedging relationship

n.a.

1,019

 

 

931

88

 

1,019

Lease assets

n.a.

211

 

 

 

 

211

 

Cash and cash equivalents and trade receivables and other financial assets directly associated with non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale

AC

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

Equity instruments within non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale

FVOCI

0

 

0

 

 

 

0

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade payables

AC

11,179

11,179

 

 

 

 

 

Bonds and other securitized liabilities

AC

95,953

95,953

 

 

 

 

90,906

Liabilities to banks

AC

3,999

3,999

 

 

 

 

3,903

Liabilities with the right of creditors to priority repayment in the event of default

AC

3,272

3,272

 

 

 

 

3,187

Other interest-bearing liabilities

AC

7,494

7,494

 

 

 

 

7,307

Of which: collateral received

AC

323

323

 

 

 

 

 

Other non-interest-bearing liabilities

AC

1,980

1,980

 

 

 

 

 

Of which: puttable shares of non-controlling interests in consolidated partnerships

AC

203

203

 

 

 

 

 

Lease liabilities

n.a.

42,525

 

 

 

 

42,525

 

Derivative financial liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives without a hedging relationship

FVTPL

364

 

 

 

364

 

364

Of which: energy forward agreements embedded in contracts

FVTPL

0

 

 

 

0

 

0

Derivatives with a hedging relationship

n.a.

1,444

 

 

53

1,391

 

1,444

Trade payables and other financial liabilities directly associated with non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale

AC

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

Of which: aggregated by measurement category in accordance with IFRS 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial assets at amortized cost

AC

17,442

17,442

 

 

 

 

5,620

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income with recycling to profit or loss

FVOCI

10,296

 

 

10,296

 

 

10,296

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income without recycling to profit or loss

FVOCI

539

 

539

 

 

 

539

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

2,020

 

 

 

2,020

 

2,020

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial liabilities at amortized cost

AC

123,877

123,877

 

 

 

 

105,303

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

364

 

 

 

364

 

364

a

For energy forward agreements embedded in contracts and options received from third parties for the purchase or sale of shares in subsidiaries and associates, please refer to the detailed comments in the following section.

b

The practical expedients under IFRS 7.29 were applied for disclosures on specific fair values.

Carrying amounts, amounts recognized, and fair values by class and measurement category

millions of €

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amounts recognized in the statement of financial position in accordance with IFRS 9

 

 

 

 

Measurement category in accordance with IFRS 9

Carrying amount June 30, 2022

Amortized cost

Fair value through other comprehensive income without recycling to profit or loss

Fair value through other comprehensive income with recycling to profit or loss

Fair value through profit or lossa

Amounts recognized in the statement of financial position in accordance with IFRS 16

Fair value June 30, 2022b

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

AC

5,281

5,281

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade receivables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At amortized cost

AC

6,556

6,556

 

 

 

 

 

 

At fair value through other comprehensive income

FVOCI

10,296

 

 

10,296

 

 

10,296

 

At fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

0

 

 

 

0

 

0

 

Other financial assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Originated loans and other receivables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At amortized cost

AC

5,605

5,605

 

 

 

 

5,620

 

Of which: collateral paid

AC

973

973

 

 

 

 

 

 

Of which: publicly funded projects

AC

1,980

1,980

 

 

 

 

 

 

At fair value through other comprehensive income

FVOCI

0

 

 

0

 

 

0

 

At fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

667

 

 

 

667

 

667

 

Equity instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At fair value through other comprehensive income

FVOCI

539

 

539

 

 

 

539

 

At fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

3

 

 

 

3

 

3

 

Derivative financial assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives without a hedging relationship

FVTPL

1,350

 

 

 

1,350

 

1,350

 

Of which: termination rights embedded in bonds issued

FVTPL

68

 

 

 

68

 

68

 

Of which: energy forward agreements embedded in contracts

FVTPL

303

 

 

 

303

 

303

 

Of which: options received from third parties for the purchase or sale of shares in subsidiaries and associates

FVTPL

262

 

 

 

262

 

262

 

Derivatives with a hedging relationship

n.a.

1,019

 

 

931

88

 

1,019

 

Lease assets

n.a.

211

 

 

 

 

211

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents and trade receivables and other financial assets directly associated with non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale

AC

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity instruments within non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale

FVOCI

0

 

0

 

 

 

0

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade payables

AC

11,179

11,179

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bonds and other securitized liabilities

AC

95,953

95,953

 

 

 

 

90,906

 

Liabilities to banks

AC

3,999

3,999

 

 

 

 

3,903

 

Liabilities with the right of creditors to priority repayment in the event of default

AC

3,272

3,272

 

 

 

 

3,187

 

Other interest-bearing liabilities

AC

7,494

7,494

 

 

 

 

7,307

 

Of which: collateral received

AC

323

323

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other non-interest-bearing liabilities

AC

1,980

1,980

 

 

 

 

 

 

Of which: puttable shares of non-controlling interests in consolidated partnerships

AC

203

203

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lease liabilities

n.a.

42,525

 

 

 

 

42,525

 

 

Derivative financial liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives without a hedging relationship

FVTPL

364

 

 

 

364

 

364

 

Of which: energy forward agreements embedded in contracts

FVTPL

0

 

 

 

0

 

0

 

Derivatives with a hedging relationship

n.a.

1,444

 

 

53

1,391

 

1,444

 

Trade payables and other financial liabilities directly associated with non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale

AC

0

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Of which: aggregated by measurement category in accordance with IFRS 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial assets at amortized cost

AC

17,442

17,442

 

 

 

 

5,620

 

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income with recycling to profit or loss

FVOCI

10,296

 

 

10,296

 

 

10,296

 

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income without recycling to profit or loss

FVOCI

539

 

539

 

 

 

539

 

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

2,020

 

 

 

2,020

 

2,020

 

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial liabilities at amortized cost

AC

123,877

123,877

 

 

 

 

105,303

 

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

364

 

 

 

364

 

364

 

a

For energy forward agreements embedded in contracts and options received from third parties for the purchase or sale of shares in subsidiaries and associates, please refer to the detailed comments in the following section.

b

The practical expedients under IFRS 7.29 were applied for disclosures on specific fair values.

Carrying amounts, amounts recognized, and fair values by class and measurement category

millions of €

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amounts recognized in the statement of financial position in accordance with IFRS 9

 

 

 

Measurement category in accordance with IFRS 9

Carrying amount Dec. 31, 2021

Amortized cost

Fair value through other comprehensive income without recycling to profit or loss

Fair value through other comprehensive income with recycling to profit or loss

Fair value through profit or lossa

Amounts recognized in the statement of financial position in accordance with IFRS 16

Fair value Dec. 31, 2021b

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents

AC

7,617

7,617

 

 

 

 

 

Trade receivables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At amortized cost

AC

5,814

5,814

 

 

 

 

 

At fair value through other comprehensive income

FVOCI

9,486

 

 

9,486

 

 

9,486

At fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

0

 

 

 

0

 

0

Other financial assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Originated loans and other receivables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At amortized cost

AC

5,224

5,224

 

 

 

 

5,252

Of which: collateral paid

AC

589

589

 

 

 

 

 

Of which: publicly funded projects

AC

1,794

1,794

 

 

 

 

 

At fair value through other comprehensive income

FVOCI

0

 

 

0

 

 

0

At fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

233

 

 

 

233

 

233

Equity instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At fair value through other comprehensive income

FVOCI

437

 

437

 

 

 

437

At fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

3

 

 

 

3

 

3

Derivative financial assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives without a hedging relationship

FVTPL

1,202

 

 

 

1,202

 

1,202

Of which: termination rights embedded in bonds issued

FVTPL

464

 

 

 

464

 

464

Of which: energy forward agreements embedded in contracts

FVTPL

191

 

 

 

191

 

191

Of which: options received from third parties for the purchase or sale of shares in subsidiaries and associates

FVTPL

264

 

 

 

264

 

264

Derivatives with a hedging relationship

n.a.

1,560

 

 

364

1,196

 

1,560

Lease assets

n.a.

228

 

 

 

 

228

 

Cash and cash equivalents and trade receivables and other financial assets directly associated with non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale

AC

428

428

 

 

 

 

 

Equity instruments within non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale

FVOCI

29

 

29

 

 

 

29

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade payables

AC

10,452

10,452

 

 

 

 

 

Bonds and other securitized liabilities

AC

93,857

93,857

 

 

 

 

103,397

Liabilities to banks

AC

4,003

4,003

 

 

 

 

4,090

Liabilities with the right of creditors to priority repayment in the event of default

AC

3,248

3,248

 

 

 

 

3,389

Other interest-bearing liabilities

AC

7,826

7,826

 

 

 

 

7,321

Of which: collateral received

AC

1,616

1,616

 

 

 

 

 

Other non-interest-bearing liabilities

AC

1,829

1,829

 

 

 

 

 

Of which: puttable shares of non-controlling interests in consolidated partnerships

AC

185

185

 

 

 

 

 

Lease liabilities

n.a.

33,133

 

 

 

 

33,133

 

Derivative financial liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives without a hedging relationship

FVTPL

586

 

 

 

586

 

586

Of which: energy forward agreements embedded in contracts

FVTPL

7

 

 

 

7

 

7

Derivatives with a hedging relationship

n.a.

118

 

 

107

11

 

118

Trade payables and other financial liabilities directly associated with non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale

AC

1,086

1,086

 

 

 

 

 

Of which: aggregated by measurement category in accordance with IFRS 9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial assets at amortized cost

AC

19,083

19,083

 

 

 

 

5,252

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income with recycling to profit or loss

FVOCI

9,486

 

 

9,486

 

 

9,486

Financial assets at fair value through other comprehensive income without recycling to profit or loss

FVOCI

466

 

466

 

 

 

466

Financial assets at fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

1,438

 

 

 

1,438

 

1,438

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Financial liabilities at amortized cost

AC

122,300

122,300

 

 

 

 

118,197

Financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss

FVTPL

586

 

 

 

586

 

586

a

For energy forward agreements embedded in contracts and options received from third parties for the purchase or sale of shares in subsidiaries and associates, please refer to the detailed comments in the following section.

b

The practical expedients under IFRS 7.29 were applied for disclosures on specific fair values.

Trade receivables include receivables amounting to EUR 2.9 billion (December 31, 2021: EUR 2.8 billion) due in more than one year. The fair value generally equals the carrying amount.

Disclosures on fair value

When determining the fair value, it is important to maximize the use of current inputs observable in liquid markets for the financial instrument in question and minimize the use of other inputs (e.g., historical prices, prices for similar instruments, prices on illiquid markets). A three-level measurement hierarchy is defined for these purposes. If prices quoted in liquid markets are available at the reporting date for the respective financial instrument, these will be used unadjusted for the measurement (Level 1 measurement). Other input parameters are then irrelevant for the measurement. One such example is shares and bonds that are actively traded on a stock exchange. If quoted prices on liquid markets are not available at the reporting date for the respective financial instrument, but the instrument can be measured using other inputs that are observable on the market at the reporting date, a Level 2 measurement will be applied. The conditions for this are that no major adjustments have been made to the observable inputs and no unobservable inputs are used. Examples of Level 2 measurements are collateralized interest rate swaps, currency forwards, and cross-currency swaps that can be measured using current interest rates or exchange rates. If the conditions for a Level 1 or Level 2 measurement are not met, a Level 3 measurement is applied. In such cases, major adjustments must be made to observable inputs or unobservable inputs must be used.

Financial instruments measured at fair value

millions of €

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

June 30, 2022

Dec. 31, 2021

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Total

Level 1

Level 2

Level 3

Total

Assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trade receivables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At fair value through other comprehensive income

 

 

10,296

10,296

 

 

9,486

9,486

At fair value through profit or loss

 

 

0

0

 

 

0

0

Other financial assets – Originated loans and other receivables

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At fair value through other comprehensive income

 

 

0

0

 

 

0

0

At fair value through profit or loss

215

 

452

667

145

77

10

232

Equity instruments

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At fair value through other comprehensive income

11

 

528

539

29

 

437

466

At fair value through profit or loss

 

 

3

3

 

 

3

3

Derivative financial assets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives without a hedging relationship

 

716

634

1,350

 

286

916

1,202

Derivatives with a hedging relationship

 

1,019

 

1,019

 

1,560

 

1,560

Liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivative financial liabilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Derivatives without a hedging relationship

 

364

 

364

 

579

7

586

Derivatives with a hedging relationship

 

1,444

 

1,444

 

118

 

118

Of the equity instruments measured at fair value through other comprehensive income and recognized under other financial assets, the instruments presented in the different levels constitute separate classes of financial instruments. In each case, the fair values of the total volume of equity instruments recognized as Level 1 are the price quotations at the reporting date.

The listed bonds and other securitized liabilities are assigned to Level 1 or Level 2 depending on the market liquidity of the relevant instrument. Consequently, issues denominated in euros or U.S. dollars with relatively large nominal amounts are to be classified as Level 1, the rest as Level 2. The fair values of the instruments assigned to Level 1 equal the nominal amounts multiplied by the price quotations at the reporting date. The fair values of the instruments assigned to Level 2 are calculated as the present values of the payments associated with the debts, based on the applicable yield curve and Deutsche Telekom’s credit spread curve for specific currencies.

The fair values of liabilities to banks and other interest-bearing liabilities are calculated as the present values of the payments associated with the debts, based on the applicable yield curve and Deutsche Telekom’s credit spread curve for specific currencies. The fair values of trade receivables and of originated loans and other receivables are calculated as the present values of the payments associated with the receivables, based on the applicable yield curve and the credit risk of the debtors.

Since there are no market prices available for the derivative financial instruments in the portfolio assigned to Level 2 due to the fact that they are not listed on the market, the fair values are calculated using standard financial valuation models, based entirely on observable inputs. The fair value of derivatives is the price that Deutsche Telekom would receive or have to pay if the financial instrument were transferred at the reporting date. Interest rates of contractual partners relevant as of the reporting date are used in this respect. The middle rates applicable as of the reporting date are used as exchange rates. In the case of interest-bearing derivatives, a distinction is made between the clean price and the dirty price. In contrast to the clean price, the dirty price also includes the interest accrued. The fair values carried correspond to the full fair value or the dirty price.

The equity instruments measured at fair value through other comprehensive income comprise a large number of investments in strategic, unlisted individual positions. Deutsche Telekom considers the chosen measurement through other comprehensive income without recycling to profit or loss to be appropriate because there are no plans to use the investments for short-term profit-taking. At the date of disposal of an investment, the total cumulative gain or loss is reclassified to retained earnings. Acquisitions and disposals are based on business policy investment decisions.

Development of the carrying amounts of the financial assets and financial liabilities assigned to Level 3

millions of €

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity instruments at fair value through other comprehensive income

Derivative financial assets at fair value through profit or loss: termination rights embedded in bonds issued

Derivative financial assets at fair value through profit or loss: stock options

Derivative financial assets: energy forward agreementsa

Derivative financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss: energy forward agreements embedded in contracts

Derivative financial assets at fair value through profit or loss: put option for shares

Originated loans and other receivables at fair value through profit or loss: contingent consideration receivable

Carrying amount as of January 1, 2022

437

464

222

191

(7)

22

0

Additions (including first-time categorization as Level 3)

57

0

0

0

0

0

455

Decreases in fair value recognized in profit/loss (including losses on disposal)

0

(419)

0

(92)

0

(12)

(28)

Increases in fair value recognized in profit/loss (including gains on disposal)

0

0

464

192

7

7

0

Decreases in fair value recognized directly in equity

(9)

0

0

0

0

0

0

Increases in fair value recognized directly in equity

68

0

0

0

0

0

0

Disposals

(29)

0

(462)

(13)

0

0

0

Currency translation effects recognized directly in equity

4

23

0

25

0

0

0

Carrying amount as of June 30, 2022

528

68

224

303

0

17

427

a

Some energy forward agreements are measured at fair value through profit or loss, while the rest are designated as hedging instruments in hedging relationships. For more details, please refer to the explanations below.

The equity instruments assigned to Level 3 that are measured at fair value through other comprehensive income and carried under other financial assets are equity investments with a carrying amount of EUR 505 million measured using the best information available at the reporting date. As a rule, Deutsche Telekom considers transactions involving shares in those companies to have the greatest relevance. Transactions involving shares in comparable companies are also considered. The proximity of the relevant transaction to the reporting date, and the question of whether it was conducted at arm’s length, are relevant for deciding which information is used for the measurement. Furthermore, the degree of similarity between the object being measured and comparable companies must be taken into consideration. Based on Deutsche Telekom’s own assessment, the fair values of the equity investments at the reporting date could be determined with sufficient reliability. For the development of the carrying amounts in the reporting period, please refer to the table above. At the reporting date, no investments were held for sale. In the case of investments with a carrying amount of EUR 267 million, transactions involving shares in these companies took place at arm’s length sufficiently close to the reporting date, which is why the share prices agreed in the transactions were to be used without adjustment for the measurement as of June 30, 2022. In the case of investments with a carrying amount of EUR 9 million, an analysis of operational indicators (especially revenue, EBIT, and liquidity) revealed that the carrying amounts were equivalent to current fair values. Due to better comparability, previous arm’s length transactions involving shares in these companies are preferable to more recent transactions involving shares in similar companies. In the case of investments with a carrying amount of EUR 229 million, for which the last arm’s length transactions relating to shares in these companies took place further in the past, a measurement performed more recently relating to shares in similar companies provides the most reliable representation of the fair values. Here, multiples to the reference variable of expected revenue (ranging between 3.1 and 15.9) were taken. The 25 % quantile, the median, or the 75 % quantile was used for the multiples depending on the specific circumstances. If other values had been used for the multiples and for the expected revenue amounts, the calculated fair values would have been different. These hypothetical deviations (sensitivities) are shown in the table below. In addition, non-material individual items with a carrying amount of EUR 23 million when translated into euros are included with differences in value of minor relevance.

The derivatives without a hedging relationship assigned to Level 3 and carried under derivative financial assets relate to options embedded in bonds issued by T‑Mobile US with a carrying amount of EUR 68 million when translated into euros. The options, which can be exercised by T‑Mobile US at any time, allow early redemption of the bonds at fixed exercise prices. Observable market prices are available regularly and also at the reporting date for the bonds as entire instruments, but not for the options embedded therein. The termination rights are measured using an option pricing model. Historical interest rate volatilities of bonds issued by T‑Mobile US and comparable issuers are used for the measurement because these provide a more reliable estimate at the reporting date than current market interest rate volatilities. The spread curve, which is also unobservable, was derived on the basis of current market prices of bonds issued by T‑Mobile US and debt instruments of comparable issuers. Risk-free interest rates and spreads were simulated separately from each other. At the current reporting date, the following interest rate volatility and spreads were used for the various rating levels of the bonds:

Interest rate volatilities and spreads used by rating levels

%

 

 

 

Interest volatility (absolute figure)

Spread

BBB+

0.1 % – 0.2 %

0.3 % – 1.6 %

BBB-

0.3 % – 0.4 %

0.7 % – 2.7 %

BB+/BB

0.4 % – 0.6 %

1.2 % – 4.6 %

For the mean reversion input, which is unobservable, 3 % was used. In our opinion, the values used constitute the best estimate in each case. If other values had been used for interest rate volatility, spread curve, or mean reversion, the calculated fair values would have been different. These hypothetical deviations (sensitivities) are shown in the table below. If the risk-free interest rate had been 50 basis points higher (lower) at the reporting date, the fair value of the options would have been EUR 21 million lower (EUR 29 million higher). In the reporting period, a net expense of EUR 419 million when translated into euros was recognized under the Level 3 measurement in other financial income/expense for unrealized losses for the options in the portfolio at the reporting date. In the reporting period, no option was exercised. Please refer to the table above for the development of the carrying amounts in the reporting period. The changes in value recognized in profit or loss in the reporting period were mainly attributable to fluctuations in the interest rates and historical interest rate volatilities in absolute terms that are relevant for measurement. Due to their distinctiveness, these instruments constitute a separate class of financial instruments.

Sensitivitiesa of the carrying amounts of the financial assets and financial liabilities assigned to Level 3 depending on unobservable inputs

millions of €

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Equity instruments at fair value through other comprehensive income

Derivative financial assets at fair value through profit or loss: termination rights embedded in bonds issued

Derivative financial assets at fair value through profit or loss: stock options

Derivative financial assets: energy forward agreementsg

Derivative financial liabilities at fair value through profit or loss: energy forward agreements embedded in contracts

Derivative financial assets at fair value through profit or loss: put option for shares

Originated loans and other receivables at fair value through other comprehensive income: contingent consideration receivable

Multiple next-level-up quantile

174

 

 

 

 

 

 

Multiple next-level-down quantile

(107)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expected revenues +10 %

21

 

 

 

 

 

 

Expected revenues -10 %

(21)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate volatilityb +10 %

 

2

 

 

 

 

 

Interest rate volatilityb -10 %

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

Spread curvec +50 basis points

 

(24)

 

 

 

 

(10)

Spread curvec -50 basis points

 

40

 

 

 

 

10

Mean reversiond +100 basis points

 

(1)

 

 

 

 

 

Mean reversiond -100 basis points

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

Future energy prices +10 %

 

 

 

106

10

 

 

Future energy prices -10 %

 

 

 

(113)

(10)

 

 

Future energy output +5 %

 

 

 

60

3

 

 

Future energy output -5 %

 

 

 

(67)

(3)

 

 

Future prices for renewable energy creditse +100 %

 

 

 

11

2

 

 

Future prices for renewable energy creditse from zero

 

 

 

(18)

(2)

 

 

Share price volatilityf +10 %

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

Share price volatilityf -10 %

 

 

(13)

 

 

 

 

Volatility of the fair value of the shares +10 %

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

Volatility of the fair value of the shares -10 %

 

 

 

 

 

(3)

 

Fair value of the shares +10 %

 

 

 

 

 

(19)

 

Fair value of the shares -10 %

 

 

 

 

 

21

 

Planned fiber-optic build-out is completed one year earlier than expected

 

 

 

 

 

 

16

Planned fiber-optic build-out is completed one year later than expected

 

 

 

 

 

 

(17)

Actual fiber-optic build-out is 5 % higher than planned each year

 

 

 

 

 

 

42

Actual fiber-optic build-out is 5 % lower than planned each year

 

 

 

 

 

 

(42)

a

Change in the relevant input parameter assuming all other input parameters are unchanged.

b

Interest rate volatility shows the magnitude of fluctuations in interest rates over time (relative change). The larger the fluctuations, the higher the interest rate volatility.

c

The spread curve shows, for the respective maturities, the difference between the interest rates payable by the debtor and the risk-free interest rates. A minimum of zero was set for the spread curve for the sensitivity calculation, i.e., negative spreads are not applicable.

d

Mean reversion describes the assumption that, after a change, an interest rate will revert to its average over time. The higher the selected value (mean reversion speed), the faster the interest rate will revert to its average in the measurement model.

e

Renewable energy credits is the term used for U.S. emission certificates.

f

The share price volatility shows the range of variation of the basic value over the remaining term of an option.

g

Some energy forward agreements are measured at fair value through profit or loss, while the rest are designated as hedging instruments in hedge relationships. For more details, please refer to the explanations below.

With a carrying amount of EUR 303 million when translated into euros, the derivatives without a hedging relationship assigned to Level 3 and carried under derivative financial assets relate to energy forward agreements embedded in contracts entered into by T‑Mobile US. The same applies to derivative financial liabilities with a carrying amount of less than EUR 1 million when translated into euros. These agreements consist of two components: the energy forward agreement and the acquisition of renewable energy credits by T‑Mobile US. In the case of one energy forward agreement, commercial operation is set to begin in 2024; with the others, it has already begun. Under the energy forward agreements, which are accounted for separately as derivatives, T‑Mobile US receives variable amounts based on the actual energy output and the then current energy prices, and pays fixed amounts per unit of energy generated from the start of commercial operations throughout the term of the contract. The energy forward agreements are measured using valuation models because no observable market prices are available. The value of the derivatives is significantly influenced by the future energy output, the future energy prices on the relevant markets, and the future prices of renewable energy credits. The main contract parameters, including the assumptions made for unobservable parameters and periods, are set out in the following table. In our opinion, these assumptions made constitute the best estimate in each case. In the view of T‑Mobile US, the contracts were entered into at current market conditions, and the most appropriate parameters for the unobservable inputs were used for measurement purposes. The transaction price at inception was zero in each case. Since the unobservable inputs have a significant influence on the measurement of the derivatives, the respective amount resulting from initial measurement (day 1 gain) – with the exception of the agreements concluded by Sprint that are explained below – was deferred on initial recognition. Instead, these day 1 gains are amortized in profit or loss on a straight-line basis over the period of commercial energy production. This amortization adjusts the effects from measuring the derivatives in each accounting period using the respective valuation models and updated parameters. All amounts from the measurement of the derivatives are presented in net terms per contract in the statement of financial position (derivative financial assets/liabilities) and in the income statement (other operating income/expenses). Sprint also has agreements of this kind in its portfolio. These were concluded before the business combination with T‑Mobile US and, for these agreements too, unobservable inputs have a material influence on the measurement of the derivatives. However, under the requirements for business combinations, the respective amounts resulting from the measurement are recognized as derivative financial assets, as a result of which there are no amounts yet to be amortized for these agreements. On the following reporting dates, the effects from the periodic measurement of the derivatives will be recorded in full in the income statement (other operating expenses or other operating income). The aforementioned explanations also generally apply to derivatives with a hedging relationship assigned to Level 3 and carried under derivative financial assets with a carrying amount of less than EUR 1 million when translated into euros. These agreements were concluded in the reporting period in Europe and relate to free-standing energy forward agreements that do not include the acquisition of renewable energy certificates or other emission certificates. Accordingly, the value of these derivatives is not affected by the future prices for emission certificates. The agreements resulted in a day 1 gain that was deferred on initial recognition. Commercial operations are set to begin in 2023. Under the hedging relationship, the effective portion of the change in the fair value is recognized in other comprehensive income and, upon occurrence of the hedged item (physical supply of electricity), adjusts the corresponding goods and services purchased. Ineffectiveness is recorded in other operating expenses or other operating income. At the reporting date, the calculated fair value from Deutsche Telekom’s perspective for all energy forward agreements concluded by Group companies and described above is positive and amounts to EUR 597 million when translated into euros. If other values had been used for future energy prices, future energy output, or future prices of renewable energy credits, the calculated fair values would have been different. These hypothetical deviations (sensitivities) are shown in the table above. In the reporting period, net income of EUR 112 million when translated into euros was recognized under the Level 3 measurement in other operating income/expense for unrealized gains for the derivatives for all the above energy forward agreements. Please refer to the corresponding table for the development of the carrying amounts in the reporting period. The market-price changes in the reporting period were largely attributable to changes in observable and unobservable energy prices and to interest rate effects. In addition, T‑Mobile US recognized an impairment loss for a project which has not yet begun commercial operations because it is expected that the contractual conditions will have to be amended in favor of the other contracting party in order to ensure the realization of the project. The development of the day 1 gain yet to be amortized in the income statement in the reporting period is shown in the following table. The straight-line amortization of the day 1 gains through profit or loss over the period of commercial energy production amounts to a total of EUR 23 million per year when translated into euros. Due to their distinctiveness, the energy forward agreements constitute a separate class of financial instruments.

millions of €

 

 

 

United States

Other

Term of the contract from the start of commercial operation in years

12 to 15

15

End of the term of contracts for which commercial operation has already begun

2029 to 2035

n.a.

Expected energy output in GWh per year

4,057

196

Expected energy prices per MWh for the unobservable portion of the term in €

 

37 to 231

On-peak (i.e., times of relatively high energy demand) in €

26 to 83

 

Off-peak (i.e., times of relatively low energy demand) in €

24 to 66

 

On-peak/off-peak ratio

52 %

 

Length of time in years, for which energy prices are regularly observable

up to 10

around 3

Length of time in years, for which the prices of renewable energy credits are regularly observable

around 3

n.a.

The financial assets assigned to Level 3 include derivative financial assets with a carrying amount of EUR 224 million when translated into euros, resulting from the acquired stock options to purchase shares in T‑Mobile US. The stock options, which can be exercised at any time, mature in 2024, can be exercised partially at fixed and partially at variable purchase prices, and are measured using an option pricing model. In addition to the share price observable on the market and the risk-free interest rates, average share price volatilities of T‑Mobile US and comparable companies are calculated based on historic and current figures, since these provide a more reliable estimate for these inputs at the reporting date than exclusively using the current market volatilities. The figure used for the share price volatility at the current reporting date was 26.2 % which, in our opinion, constitutes the best estimate. At the reporting date, the calculated fair value for the stock option amounted to EUR 329 million when translated into euros. If another value had been used for the share price volatility, the calculated fair value would have been different. These hypothetical deviations (sensitivities) are shown in the table above. Due to their distinctiveness, these instruments constitute a separate class of financial instruments. The transaction price at inception was zero. Since the unobservable inputs have a material influence on the measurement of the options, the fair value resulting from initial measurement of EUR 1,005 million when translated into euros (before deduction of transaction costs) was not immediately recognized. Instead, this amount will be amortized in profit or loss over the lifetime of the options. This amortization adjusts the effects from measuring the options on an ongoing basis using the valuation model and updated parameters. All amounts from the measurement of the options are presented in net terms in the statement of financial position (other derivative financial assets) and in the income statement (other financial income/expense). The market-price changes in the reporting period are largely attributable to fluctuations in the share price and the risk-free interest rate. The stock options were partially exercised in the reporting period. The development of the amount yet to be amortized in the income statement in the reporting period is shown in the following table.

For further information on the stock options, please refer to the section “Other financial assets.”

The financial assets assigned to Level 3 include a derivative financial asset with a carrying amount of EUR 17 million resulting from an acquired option for the sale of shares in Cellnex Netherlands (put option). The option was acquired together with the shares; the option writer is Cellnex. The exercise price of the option essentially corresponds to the fair value of the shares, although fixed minimum exercise prices have been agreed if it is exercised before the end of the fourth year of the term. The option can be exercised at any time until 2026 and is measured using an option pricing model. Taking into account the volatilities of comparable companies, a share price volatility of 20 % was used for the measurement, which in our opinion constitutes the best estimate for this unobservable input. The fair value of the shares, which is likewise unobservable, amounted to EUR 0.5 billion at the reporting date. The calculated fair value of the option was EUR 112 million at the reporting date. If other values had been used for the share price volatility and the fair value of the shares, the calculated fair value would have been different. These hypothetical deviations (sensitivities) are shown in the table above. The consideration transferred (in the meaning of the IFRS) by Deutsche Telekom to purchase the shares corresponded to the fair value of the shares; the transaction price for the option was zero. Since the unobservable inputs have a material influence on the measurement of the option, the fair value resulting from initial measurement of EUR 129 million was not immediately recognized. Instead, this amount will be amortized in profit or loss over four years. This amortization adjusts the effects from measuring the option on an ongoing basis using the valuation model and updated parameters. All amounts from the measurement of the options are presented net in the statement of financial position (other derivative financial assets) and in the income statement (other operating expenses or other operating income). The change in value in the reporting period is mainly attributable to the increase in the fair value of the shares and the shorter remaining maturity. The development of the amount yet to be amortized in the income statement in the reporting period is shown in the following table.

Development of the not yet amortized amounts

millions of €

 

 

 

 

Energy forward agreements

Stock options

Put option for shares

Measurement amounts on initial recognition

173

1,005

129

Measurement amounts on initial recognition (additions during the reporting period)

141

0

0

Measurement amounts amortized in profit or loss in prior periods

(29)

(328)

(19)

Measurement amounts amortized in profit or loss in the current reporting period

(6)

(38)

(16)

Currency translation adjustments

15

(49)

0

Disposals in prior periods

0

(372)

0

Disposals in the current reporting period

0

(134)

0

Measurement amounts not amortized as of June 30, 2022

294

84

94

The financial assets assigned to Level 3 (originated loans and other receivables) include the contingent consideration receivable from the sale of a 50 % stake in GlasfaserPlus with a carrying amount of EUR 427 million, which arises in stages upon achieving certain fiber-optic build-out milestones and is measured at fair value through profit or loss. Deutsche Telekom measures this receivable on the basis of GlasfaserPlus’ current build-out plans. At the current reporting date, it can be assumed that payments will fall due from 2025 to 2028. The spread of the debtor IFM constitutes an unobservable input; at the current reporting date, values of between 1.9 % and 2.1 % were used for the discounting of the individual payments. In our opinion, the assumptions used constitute the best estimate in each case. If other assumptions had been used for the amount and due dates of the payments and for the spread, the calculated fair value would have been different. These hypothetical deviations (sensitivities) are shown in the table above. In the reporting period, a net expense of EUR 28 million was recognized under the Level 3 measurement of the receivable in other operating income/expense for unrealized discounting effects. Please refer to the table above for the development of the carrying amounts in the reporting period. The market-price change in the reporting period is largely attributable to an increase in the interest rates that are relevant for measurement. Due to its distinctiveness, this instrument constitutes a separate class of financial instruments. The other financial assets assigned to Level 3 (originated loans and other receivables) with a carrying amount of EUR 25 million relate to immaterial items for which no significant volatility in fair value is to be expected.

For further information on the joint venture GlasfaserPlus with IFM, please refer to the section “Changes in the composition of the Group and other transactions.”

For the trade receivables as well as other originated loans and other receivables assigned to Level 3, which are measured either at fair value through other comprehensive income or at fair value through profit or loss, the main factor in determining fair value is the credit risk of the relevant counterparties. If the default rates applied as of the reporting date had been 1 % higher (lower) with no change in the reference variables, the fair values of the instruments would have been 1 % lower (higher).

The financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss and assigned to Level 3 include additional options acquired from third parties for the purchase of company shares, with a carrying amount of EUR 21 million. No notable fluctuations in value are expected from these individual items. Due to their distinctiveness, these instruments constitute a separate class of financial instruments.

Disclosures on credit risk

In line with the contractual provisions, in the event of insolvency, all derivatives with a positive or negative fair value that exist with the respective counterparty are offset against each other, leaving a net receivable or liability. The net amounts are normally recalculated every bank working day and offset against each other. When the netting of the positive and negative fair values of all derivatives was positive from Deutsche Telekom’s perspective, Deutsche Telekom received unrestricted cash collateral from counterparties pursuant to collateral agreements in the amount of EUR 323 million (December 31, 2021: EUR 1,616 million). The credit risk was thus reduced by EUR 323 million (December 31, 2021: EUR 1,590 million) because, on the reporting date, the cash collateral received was offset by corresponding net derivative positions in the same amount. On the basis of these contracts, derivatives with a positive fair value and a total carrying amount of EUR 1,734 million as of the reporting date (December 31, 2021: EUR 1,844 million) had a residual credit risk of EUR 259 million as of June 30, 2022 (December 31, 2021: EUR 13 million).

When the netting of the positive and negative fair values of all derivatives was negative from Deutsche Telekom’s perspective, Deutsche Telekom provided cash collateral in the amount of EUR 827 million as of the reporting date (December 31, 2021: EUR 423 million) to counterparties pursuant to collateral agreements. The cash collateral paid is offset by corresponding net derivative positions of EUR 655 million at the reporting date (December 31, 2021: EUR 423 million), which is why it was not exposed to any credit risks in this amount.

On account of its close connection to the corresponding derivatives, the collateral received (paid) constitutes a separate class of financial liabilities (assets). There were no other significant agreements reducing the maximum exposure to the credit risk of financial assets. The maximum exposure to the credit risk of the other financial assets thus corresponds to their carrying amounts.

In accordance with the terms of the bonds issued by T‑Mobile US, T‑Mobile US has the right to terminate the majority of bonds prematurely under specific conditions. The rights of early termination constitute embedded derivatives and are presented separately as derivative financial assets in the consolidated statement of financial position. Since they are not exposed to any credit risk, they constitute a separate class of financial instruments. Please refer to the explanations above for more information on the energy forward agreements for which no collateral is provided. There is also no credit risk on embedded derivatives held. No collateral is provided for the options acquired from third parties for shares in a subsidiary of Deutsche Telekom or shares in other companies (see explanations above).

In connection with auctions for the acquisition of spectrum licenses, subsidiaries of Deutsche Telekom have deposited additional cash collateral of EUR 64 million when translated into euros (December 31, 2021: EUR 90 million). At the reporting date, cash and cash equivalents of EUR 81 million (December 31, 2021: EUR 76 million) when translated into euros were pledged as cash collateral for liabilities issued by Sprint with the right of creditors to priority repayment in the event of default. This cash collateral is not exposed to any significant credit risk.