United States For information on changes resulting from the first-time application of the IFRS 16 “Leases” accounting standard and changes in the organizational structure, please refer to the section “Group organization, strategy, and management.” Customer development (XLS:) Download thousands Mar. 31, 2019 Dec. 31, 2018 ChangeMar. 31, 2019/Dec. 31, 2018% Mar. 31, 2018 ChangeMar. 31, 2019/Mar. 31, 2018% Mobile customers 81,301 79,651 2.1 74,040 9.8 Branded customers 64,744 63,656 1.7 59,941 8.0 Branded postpaid 43,538 42,519 2.4 39,065 11.5 Branded prepay 21,206 21,137 0.3 20,876 1.6 Wholesale customers 16,557 15,995 3.5 14,099 17.4 Total At March 31, 2019, the United States operating segment (T-Mobile US) had 81.3 million customers, compared to 79.7 million customers at December 31, 2018. Net customer additions were 1.7 million for the first quarter of 2019, compared to 1.4 million net customer additions for the first quarter of 2018, due to the factors described below. Branded customers. Branded postpaid net customer additions were 1.02 million for the first quarter of 2019, compared to 1.01 million branded postpaid net customer additions for the first quarter of 2018.The increase in branded postpaid net customer additions was due primarily to higher branded postpaid phone net customer additions primarily due to record-low churn, partially offset by lower branded postpaid other net customer additions primarily due to higher deactivations from a growing customer base. Branded prepay net customer additions were 69 thousand for the first quarter of 2019, compared to 199 thousand branded prepay net customer additions for the first quarter of 2018. The decrease was due to continued competitive activity in the marketplace, partially offset by lower churn. Wholesale customers. Wholesale net customer additions were 562 thousand for the first quarter of 2019, compared to 229 thousand for the first quarter of 2018. The increase was due primarily to higher gross additions from the continued success of our M2M and MVNO partnerships. Development of operations (XLS:) Download millions of € Q1 2019 Q1 2018 Change Change % FY 2018 a Prior-year comparatives were calculated on a pro-forma basis for the redefined key performance indicators resulting from the introduction of the IFRS 16 accounting standard. TOTAL REVENUE 9,796 8,455 1,341 15.9 36,522 Profit from operations (EBIT) 1,376 1,137 239 21.0 4,634 EBIT margin % 14.0 13.4 12.7 Depreciation, amortization and impairment losses (1,835) (1,223) (612) (50.0) (5,294) EBITDA 3,210 2,360 850 36.0 9,928 EBITDA ALa 2,580 2,359 221 9.4 9,924 Special factors affecting EBITDA (99) 28 (127) n.a. (160) EBITDA (adjusted for special factors) 3,309 2,332 977 41.9 10,088 EBITDA AL (ADJUSTED FOR SPECIAL FACTORS)a 2,679 2,331 348 14.9 10,084 EBITDA AL margin (adjusted for special factors)a % 27.3 27.6 27.6 CASH CAPEX (1,713) (1,143) (570) (49.9) (4,661) Total revenue Total revenue for the United States operating segment of EUR 9.8 billion in the first quarter of 2019 increased by 15.9 percent, compared to EUR 8.5 billion in the first quarter of 2018. In U.S. dollars, T-Mobile US’ total revenues increased by 7.0 percent year-on-year due primarily to an increase in service revenue driven by growth in the average branded customer base from the continued growth in existing and greenfield markets including the growing success of new customer segments and rate plans such as T-Mobile ONE Unlimited 55+, T-Mobile ONE Military, T-Mobile for Business, and T-Mobile Essentials, along with record-low churn and growth in wearables and other connected devices. EBITDA AL, adjusted EBITDA AL In euros, adjusted EBITDA AL increased by 14.9 percent to EUR 2.7 billion in the first quarter of 2019, compared to EUR 2.3 billion in the first quarter of 2018. Adjusted EBITDA AL margin slightly decreased to 27.3 percent in first quarter of 2019, compared to 27.6 percent in the first quarter of 2018. In U.S. dollars, adjusted EBITDA AL increased by 6.2 percent during the same period. Adjusted EBITDA AL increased due primarily to higher service revenues, as further discussed above. These increases were partially offset by higher employee-related costs, costs related to managed services, commissions and costs primarily related to an increase in amortization expense related to costs that were capitalized upon the adoption of IFRS 15 on January 1, 2018. EBITDA AL for the first quarter of 2019 included special factors of EUR -99 million compared to special factors of EUR 28 million for the first quarter of 2018. The decrease in special factors was primarily due to a purchase and investment gain in the first quarter of 2018 and costs related to the proposed Sprint transaction in the first quarter of 2019. Overall, EBITDA AL increased by 9.4 percent to EUR 2.6 billion in the first quarter of 2019, compared to EUR 2.4 billion in the first quarter of 2018, due to the factors described above, including special factors. EBIT EBIT increased to EUR 1.4 billion in the first quarter of 2019 compared to EUR 1.1 billion in the first quarter of 2018 driven by higher EBITDA AL. The continued deployment of low-band spectrum, including 600 MHz, and laying the groundwork for 5G results in higher depreciation charges. The mandatory first-time application of the IFRS 16 “Leases“ accounting standard as of January 1, 2019 results in higher depreciation charges for right-of-use assets previously recognized as operating expenses for operating leases. Cash capex Cash capex increased to EUR 1.7 billion in the first quarter of 2019, compared to EUR 1.1 billion in the first quarter of 2018, primarily due to the accelerated rollout of our 600 MHz low-band spectrum including laying the groundwork for 5G. schließen Postpaid Customers who pay for communication services after receiving them (usually on a monthly basis). schließen Postpaid Customers who pay for communication services after receiving them (usually on a monthly basis). schließen Prepay/prepaid In contrast to postpay contracts, prepay communication services are services for which credit has been purchased in advance with no fixed-term contractual obligations. schließen Wholesale Refers to the business of selling services to third parties who sell them to their own retail customers either directly or after further processing. schließen M2M - Machine to Machine Communication between machines. The information is automatically sent to the recipient. For example, in an emergency, alarm systems automatically send a signal to security or the police. schließen MVNO - Mobile Virtual Network Operator Company that offers mobile minutes at relatively low prices without subsidized handsets. A mobile virtual network operator does not have its own wireless network, but uses the infrastructure of another mobile operator to provide its services. schließen Service revenues Revenues generated with mobile customers from services (i.e., revenues from voice services – incoming and outgoing calls – and data services), plus roaming revenues, monthly charges, and visitor revenues. schließen 5G New communications standard, which offers data rates in the gigabit range, converges fixed-network and mobile communications, and supports the Internet of Things – rollout starting 2020.