Accounting policies In accordance with § 53 (6) of the Exchange Rules for the Frankfurter Wertpapierbörse (FWB), Deutsche Telekom AG voluntarily publishes a quarterly financial report that comprises interim consolidated financial statements and an interim Group management report. The interim consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs) applicable to interim financial reporting as adopted by the EU. The interim management report for the Group was prepared in accordance with the German Securities Trading Act (Wertpapierhandelsgesetz – WpHG). Statement of compliance The interim consolidated financial statements for the period ended March 31, 2019 have been prepared voluntarily in compliance with International Accounting Standard (IAS) 34. As permitted by IAS 34, it has been decided to publish a condensed version compared to the consolidated financial statements at December 31, 2018. All IFRSs applied by Deutsche Telekom have been adopted by the European Commission for use within the EU. In the opinion of the Board of Management, the reviewed quarterly financial report includes all standard adjustments to be applied on an ongoing basis that are required to give a true and fair view of the results of operations and financial position of the Group. Please refer to the notes to the consolidated financial statements as of December 31, 2018 for the accounting policies applied for the Group’s financial reporting, 2018 Annual Report. Initial application of standards, interpretations, and amendments in the reporting period Pronouncement Title To be applied by Deutsche Telekom from Changes Expected impact on the presentation of Deutsche Telekom’s results of operations and financial position IFRS 16 Leases January 1, 2019 Under IFRS 16, lessees are required to recognize assets and liabilities for all leases and the rights and obligations associated with these leases in the statement of financial position. Lessees are therefore now no longer required to make the distinction between finance and operating leases that was required in the past in accordance with IAS 17. For all leases, the lessee recognizes a lease liability in the statement of financial position for the obligation to make future lease payments. At the same time, the lessee recognizes a right to use the underlying leased asset which is equivalent to the present value of the future lease payments plus initial direct costs, directly attributable expenditure, advance payments and restoration costs, minus incentive payments received. Similar to the guidance on finance leases in the previously applicable provisions of IAS 17, the lease liability will subsequently be adjusted over the lease term to reflect interest on the liability and principal repayments, while the right-of-use asset will be depreciated. Both factors – in contrast to IAS 17 – lead to higher expenses at the beginning of a lease. For the lessor, on the other hand, the provisions of the new standard are similar to the existing guidance in IAS 17. IFRS 16 also includes new provisions on the definition of a lease and its presentation, on disclosures in the notes, and on sale and leaseback transactions. The standard has a material effect on the presentation of Deutsche Telekom’s results of operations and financial position. The effects are detailed in the explanations following this table. Amendments to IAS 19 Plan Amendment, Curtailment or Settlement January 1, 2019 The amendments change the guidance on the amendment, curtailment, or settlement of a defined benefit pension plan. They clarify that an entity is required to determine current service cost and the net interest for the remainder of the reporting period after a plan amendment, curtailment, or settlement using updated actuarial assumptions and the net liability (or net asset) at the time of the intervention; any changes in a surplus as part of past service cost or as a gain or loss on settlement must be recognized in profit or loss, even if this surplus had not been previously disclosed due to the effect of the asset ceiling. The effects of changes in the asset ceiling are recognized in other comprehensive income. No material impact. Amendments to IAS 28 Long-term Interests in Associates and Joint Ventures January 1, 2019 The amendments clarify that an entity applies IFRS 9 including its impairment requirements to long-term interests in an associate or joint venture that form part of the net investment in the associate or joint venture but are not accounted for using the equity method. No material impact. Amendments to IFRS 9 Prepayment Features with Negative Compensation January 1, 2019 The amendment sets out that, if certain conditions are met, financial assets can be measured at amortized cost or fair value through other comprehensive income (FVOCI) if, in the case of an early termination, compensation is required to be paid to the party that triggers the early termination of the contract. No material impact. IFRIC 23 Uncertainty over Income Tax Treatments January 1, 2019 IFRIC 23 brings clarity to IAS 12 “Income Taxes” in relation to the recognition and measurement of current income taxes, deferred tax assets, and deferred tax liabilities if there is uncertainty regarding the treatment of income taxes. No material impact. Annual Improvements Project Annual Improvements to IFRSs 2015-2017 Cycle January 1, 2019 Clarification of many published standards. No material impact. In January 2016, the IASB issued IFRS 16 “Leases.” This standard is mandatory for reporting periods beginning on or after January 1, 2019. IFRS 16 has a material effect on Deutsche Telekom’s consolidated financial statements, particularly on total assets, the results of operations, cash generated from operations, net cash from/used for financing activities, and the presentation of the financial position. The new regulations affect Deutsche Telekom as a lessee especially in relation to leases of cell sites (land, space in cell towers, or rooftop surface areas), network infrastructure, and buildings used for administrative or technical purposes. Deutsche Telekom has not applied the new lease standard retrospectively in full, but makes use of the exemption provisions for lessees, also known as the modified retrospective method. On the transition to IFRS 16, remaining payment obligations from existing operating leases are discounted using the relevant incremental borrowing rate and recognized as a lease liability. The right-of-use assets were carried as of January 1, 2019 in the amount of the lease liability, adjusted by the amount of the prepaid or accrued lease payments. Due to the significant amount of liabilities from straight-line leases in accordance with IAS 17, which in accordance with IFRS 16 must be deducted from the right-of-use assets, the right-of-use assets as of January 1, 2019 under IFRS 16 were carried at a significantly lower amount than the corresponding lease liability (see Note 16 “Other liabilities,” 2018 Annual Report). This liability primarily relates to leases for T-Mobile US’ cell sites. As of the transition date of January 1, 2019, in a first step, the lease terms underlying the liabilities were adjusted to the lease terms determined in accordance with IFRS 16. This adjustment increased shareholders’ equity. The remaining accrued lease liability was deducted from the right-of-use asset as described above. In addition to existing operating leases, existing finance leases and their carrying amounts as of December 31, 2018 are recognized as right-of-use assets and lease liabilities as of January 1, 2019. Significant policy elections and practical expedients are exercised as follows: Right-of-use assets and lease liabilities are presented separately in the statement of financial position. The recognition, measurement, and disclosure requirements of IFRS 16 also apply to short-term leases and leases of low-value assets. Deutsche Telekom elected not to separate non-lease components from lease components, and instead to account for each lease component and any associated non-lease components as a single lease component. IAS 38 is applied for leases of intangible assets rather than IFRS 16. In addition, on the date of first-time adoption of IFRS 16, use was made of the main policy elections and practical expedients as follows: Provisions for onerous contracts recognized in connection with leases were adjusted against the right-of-use asset as of January 1, 2019. In determining the lease term, hindsight may be used where economic considerations and penalties indicate that it is reasonably certain that options to extend or terminate the lease will be exercised. Existing contracts will not be grandfathered. On January 1, 2019, IFRS 16 was therefore applied to all existing contracts falling within its scope. It applies to contracts in which Deutsche Telekom is a lessee and to leases in which the Group is a lessor. Overall, the new definition of a lease does not have a material impact for Deutsche Telekom as a lessor. However, the number of identified leases changes. The new definition does not affect the contracts for servers or similar hardware provided to customers as part of data and network solutions or contracts for terminal equipment and SmartHome network solutions provided to customers. These will continue to be defined as leases. However, the number of leases for contracts involving modems/routers for the latest generation of devices provided to consumers as part of fixed-network mass-market contracts is decreasing. In relation to services provided in data centers, the leasing of space, for example separate rooms for setting up the customer’s own hardware, is identified as a component of a lease. Furthermore, the leasing of local loop lines and space to wholesale fixed-network customers (e.g., co-location space) is also classified as a lease. The adjustments made to the consolidated statement of financial position as of January 1, 2019 and attributable to first-time application of IFRS 16 are as followsa: (XLS:) Download millions of € Carrying amount in accordance with IAS 17Dec. 31, 2018 Remeasurements Reclassifications Carrying amount in accordance with IFRS 16Jan. 1, 2019 a The overview above contains only those items of the statement of financial position that are affected by the first-time application of IFRS 16; for reasons of simplification, current and non-current items have been combined in the presentation. b For reasons of simplification, the figure is combined to show the cumulative effect of the transition to IFRS 16 to be recognized directly in equity. ASSETS Intangible assets 64,950 (29) 64,921 Property, plant and equipment 50,631 (2,524) 48,107 Right-of-use assets n.a. 15,601 638 16,239 Other financial assets 4,432 21 4,453 Deferred tax assets 2,949 166 3,115 Other assets 2,234 (196) 2,038 Non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale 145 9 154 LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY LIABILITIES Financial liabilities 62,275 (2,481) 59,794 Lease liabilities n.a. 15,601 2,472 18,073 Other provisions 6,435 (185) 6,250 Deferred tax liabilities 8,240 290 8,530 Other liabilities 3,427 (470) (1,859) 1,098 Contract liabilities 585 (7) 578 Trade and other payables 10,735 (30) 10,705 Liabilities directly associated with non-current assets and disposal groups held for sale 36 9 45 SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY Retained earnings including carryforwards plus non-controlling interestsb (25,462) 346 (25,116) After deferred tax liabilities totaling EUR 0.1 billion (net) were taken into account, the transition to the new standard as of January 1, 2019 resulted in a cumulative effect that increased retained earnings by EUR 0.3 billion and included the effect of shares attributable to non-controlling interests. This largely results from the derecognition of accrued lease payments (liabilities from straight-line leases) described above. Reclassifications relate in particular to reclassifications of carrying amounts from previous finance leases to right-of-use assets and lease liabilities and the adjustments of prepaid or accrued lease payments from operating leases under the previous accounting method, provisions for onerous contracts, or liabilities from straight-line lease against right-of-use assets, as described above. For more information, please refer to section “Selected notes to the consolidated statement of financial position.” The obligations arising from operating leases as of December 31, 2018 (see Note 37 “Leases,” 2018 Annual Report) gave rise to the following reconciliation to the opening balance of lease liabilities as of January 1, 2019: (XLS:) Download millions of € Jan. 1, 2019 Obligations arising from operating leases as of December 31, 2018 18,284 Minimum lease payments (nominal value) of finance lease liabilities as of December 31, 2018 2,950 Changes resulting from new definition of leases (743) Changes in the assessment of options to extend or terminate the lease 865 Other (95) Gross lease liabilities as of January 1, 2019 21,261 Discounting (3,188) Lease liabilities as of January 1, 2019 18,073 Present value of finance lease liabilities as of December 31, 2018 (2,472) ADDITIONAL LEASE LIABILITIES ATTRIBUTABLE TO FIRST-TIME APPLICATION OF IFRS 16 AS OF JANUARY 1, 2019 15,601 If the interest rate implicit in the lease cannot be readily determined, the interest rate used for the measurement of right-of-use assets and lease liabilities is the incremental borrowing rate of interest. The incremental borrowing rate of interest is determined by deriving benchmark interest rates for a period of up to 30 years from maturity-related risk-free interest rates which are increased by a credit-risk premium and adjusted for a liquidity and country-risk premium. Weighted average incremental borrowing rates applied to lease liabilities recognized in the statement of financial position as of January 1, 2019 of 1.7 to 5.0 percent were used in the euro currency area and 5.2 percent in the U.S. dollar currency area for discounting. The increase in lease liabilities leads to a corresponding increase in net debt. The right-of-use assets reported as of March 31, 2019 were as follows: (XLS:) Download millions of € Mar. 31, 2019 Right-of-use assets – land and buildings 6,188 Right-of-use assets – land and buildings from sale and leaseback transactions 642 Right-of-use assets – technical equipment and machinery 9,882 Right-of-use assets – other equipment, operating and office equipment 116 16,828 Right-of-use assets include assets that until December 31, 2018 were included within finance leases and recognized in property, plant and equipment. This gave rise to the following presentation in the income statement for the first quarter of 2019a: (XLS:) Download millions of € Q1 2019 a The overview above contains only those items that are affected by the first-time application of IFRS 16. DEPRECIATION OF RIGHT-OF-USE ASSETS 861 Right-of-use assets – land and buildings 306 Right-of-use assets – land and buildings from sale and leaseback transactions 37 Right-of-use assets – technical equipment and machinery 503 Right-of-use assets – other equipment, operating and office equipment 15 INTEREST EXPENSE ON LEASE LIABILITIES 198 For more information on standards, interpretations, and amendments that have been issued but not yet applied, as well as disclosures on the recognition and measurement of items in the statement of financial position and discretionary decisions and estimation uncertainties, please refer to the section “Summary of accounting policies” in the notes to the consolidated financial statements in the 2018 Annual Report. Changes in accounting policies and changes in the reporting structure With the exception of the standards, interpretations, and amendments that are effective for the first time in the financial year, Deutsche Telekom did not make any major changes in its accounting policies. schließen Prepay/prepaid In contrast to postpay contracts, prepay communication services are services for which credit has been purchased in advance with no fixed-term contractual obligations.